In the city of Jaipur, the temples are as much attractive as the city itself. Most of the temples in Jaipur have been built by the erstwhile rulers of the city and as such bear a strong resemblancae with the monuments that constitute the pride of Jaipur. A number of temples have been built in the premises of the royal buildings of that time. The temples of the city reveal the grandiosity of these Rajputana rulers.
Top Temples of Jaipur
It is very difficult to chose most liked temples of Jaipur, out of a number of temples which are scattered in the city and outskirts. Even though, we have tried to shortlist the most liked top 7 temples of Jaipur, which are worthy of visit whenever you happen to be in the city. These are listed below :
1. Birla Temple
New among the series of temples of Birla’s, Birla Temple is located at the foot of Moti Dungri fort in the city of Jaipur. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu (Narayan), the preserver and his consort Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth. Due to this reason, Birla Temple is also known as Laxmi Narayan Temple.
Birla Mandir is constructed in the finest quality of white marble. The three huge domes of the temple represent three different approaches to the religion. The beautiful white marble temple mesmerizes the onlookers, when it glows at night. Stained glass windows depict various scenes from Hindu scriptures. Ganesh the protector of households, is above the lintel, and the fine quality of marble is evident when you enter the temple and look back at the entrance way. The images of Lakshmi and Narayan attract the attention, being made out from one piece of marble. Many of the deities of the Hindu pantheon are depicted inside the temple, and on the outside walls great historical personages and figures from all religions are shown, including Socrates, Zarathustra, Christ, Buddha, and Confucius.
The Laxmi Narayan Mandir is a modern architectural marvel, surrounded by lush green gardens. The fascinating exteriors of the temple are carved splendidly with beautiful sculptures based on mythological themes, while the interiors have a large marble panel portraying mythological events. The temple looks stunning when it is brightly lit in the night.
2. Jagat Shiromani Temple:
Jagat shiromani temple is situated near Amer fort premises in the city of Jaipur. This magnificent temple is dedicated to Meera Bai and Lord Krishna. Meera Bai used to be the devotee of Lord Krishna who happened to be the wife of the king of Mewar. That’s why this temple is also called Meera bai temple.
Built in 1599-1608 AD, this temple has important place in the history of Amer town. It was built by the queen Kanakwati, wife of king Man Singh 1st in the memory of son Jagat Singh.
The temple has two entrances gate. The main entrance gate can be accessed from the main road of Amer town. The other gate is from the stair of the Amer palace which leads to the inside of the open courtyard of the temple.
At the entrance of the temple there is beautiful marble torna (pylon) which is flanked by statue of elephants. The toran is the marvelous piece of architecture. It is said that this toran was made from single piece of marble. And in this toran various gods idol images are intricately carved which appears very beautiful. This temple was built in Besar Style.
3. Govind Devji Temple:
Dedicated to Govind Dev Ji (Lord Krishna), the temple of Govind Dev Ji is situated in Jaipur. It is located in the City Palace complex. This temple is among the seven temples of Thakur of Vrindavan including Sri Radhavallabh ji, Shri Bankey Bihari Ji, Shri Govind Dev Ji and four others. The image of the deity (murti) was brought from Vrindavan here by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur and nd this temple was built by Mughal emperor Akbar, the great.
According to the legend, the Image of Lord Govind Devji was also called “Bajrakrit”- indicating thereby that it was created by Bajranabh – The Great Grand Son of Lord Krishna. Some 5,000 years back when Shri Bajranabh was around 13 years old, he asked his Grand Mother (daughter-in-law of Lord Krishna) as to how Lord Shri Krishna looked like; Then He made an image as per the description given by her. She however, said that not all but the feet of that image looked like those of Lord Shri Krishna. He made another image, yet she said that the Chest looked like that of Lord Shri Krishna. Thereafter, He made the Third Image and looking at the same she veiled her face as a show of modesty, and remarked that the face of the deity was exactly like that of Lord Sri Krishna.
For Vaishnavites, particularly followers of Lord Krishna, this is one of the most important temples outside Vrindavan.
4. Galta Ji Temple:
A pre-historic Hindu pilgrimage site, the Galtaji Temple, is located only 10km away from Jaipur. One of the jewels of Jaipur, the temple complex encompasses natural fresh water springs and 7 holy ‘kunds’ or water tanks. Among these kunds, the ‘Galta Kund’, is the holiest one and is believed to never get dry. A spring of pure water flows from the ‘Gaumukh’, a rock shaped like a cow’s head, into the tanks. A spectacular structure, this magnificent temple is built in pink sandstone, amidst low hills, and is structured to look more like a palace or ‘haveli’ than a traditional temple. The Galta Monkey Temple has a back-drop of gorgeous landscape featuring lush green vegetation, and offers a fascinating view of the city of Jaipur.
This temple is famous for the many tribes of monkeys that dwell in this area. The religious hymns and chants, combined with the natural setting, provide a peaceful ambience for anyone who visits there.
The temple is famous for its natural water springs, which draw special attention from visitors. The water of these springs accumulates in tanks. There are seven tanks, the holiest being the Galta Kund, which never goes dry. It is considered auspicious to bathe in the waters of Galtaji, especially on Makar Sankranti, and thousands come to bathe every year.
5. Garh Ganesh Temple
Located on the hills near Nahargarh Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Garh Ganesh Temple is an ancient temple of Lord Ganesh in the city of Jaipur. It is devoted to Lord Ganesha.
It is believed that Ganesha is present in the temple in the form of small child – Purushakriti. Located at the top in the Aravali hills, close to the Nahargarh hill. In the Garh Ganesha temple, Lord Ganesha is established in the statue of child Ganesha – Vigra Purushakriti.
On the Ganesh Chaturthi in Bhadrapad Shukla Paksha, the fair of five days is organized every year. Also on the first Wednesday after Diwali, anna-koot is celebrated on the temple and on last Wednesday ‘Paush month’ is celebrated by organizing ‘Paush bade’.
6. Kalki Temple
The Kalki Temple at Jaipur is the only temple in India dedicated to the incarnation of God not yet born. According to Hindu mythology, Kalki is the tenth and the last incarnation of the Lord Vishnu who is yet to born. Kalki literally means ‘Born of Time’. Lord Kalki is believed to come on a white horse with a shinning sword in his hand and protect the mankind from prevailing chaos and confusion in Kal Yuga.
Raja Sawai Jai Singh, the founder of Jaipur built the temple of Kalki in 1727 AD at the time he was building the city. He was a keen student of Vedic texts and a Hindu revivalist. Jai Singh built the Kalki temple right opposite the eastern entrance to the City Palace. The location of the temple was important but still it was not given a prime position in the street. The temple was built behind the street of impressive buildings. The temple can be entered through a ceremonial archway in two easy slopes through a ramp way rather than a staircase that opens at the street. The temple is built over a 20 ft high plinth. There is a ramp within the temple complex leading up to the temple. A canopied kiosk in one corner contains the fine marble statue of a horse facing the temple, which is supposedly the mount of Kalki. The ramps are probably constructed to facilitate the horse to climb up and down easily. Historians also believe that Jai Singh was the last Hindu ruler to have performed Ashwamedha Yajna, an ancient Vedic rite and the horse was sculpted to commemorate the event.
The temple is close ever since it was built waiting for the birth of the Lord Kalki. A caretaker priest appointed by the state government looks after the cleanliness of the temple and opens it periodically.
7. Moti Doongri Temple
Moti Dungri Temple of Lord Ganesha is famous for its divine power. It is flocked by the visitors and tourists all through the year. The temple is the centre of attraction on festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Krishna Janamasthami, Annakut and Paush Bada. Scholars and architects come here to have flavour of rich cultural heritage of city. Thousands of devotees participate in the preparation of festivities and pay their regards to God Ganesha.
The idol of Lord Ganesha being the prime reason of fascination is centre of attraction for the visitors. A fair is organized every Wednesday. The deities are worshiped according to the Gaudiya Vaishnavism (Chaitanya Vaishnavism or Hare Krishna) tradition.
Seven Dharshans are arranged in a day and there are different set of prayers (bhajans) for every adorned appearance of the deity.
8. Amba Mataji Ka Mandir
Located at the peak of the Girnar mountain, Amba Mata Temple is dedicated to Goddess Amba. It is considered to be quite auspicious for the newly wed couples. It is believed that couples come here to receive the blessing of the Goddess and pray for their lifelong marital bliss.
9. Kalla Hanuman Mandir
Kale Hanumanji Ka Mandir is a place to visit at least once and you will really feel this is the place you were missing out while visiting Jaipur. It is in the heart of the city and place where you can reach easily but this is not the only thing for you should visit here. The experience is divine…!
It is located on the same street where hawa mahal is located. This part of stretch is known as area of silver makers. You will be surprised to see the Ideal in black stone. In general, Hanuman idol always remains in saffron color. Priest of the temple tells that Jaipur was a big economical center when it was establish by King Sawai Jai Singh II. It was a big center of silver production. Maharaja Jai Singh establish a mint in chandi ki taksal lane. Black stone mixes beautifully with silver decoration. This temple give us a great peaces, with spiritual atmosphere, and nice religious vibes going on. Devotees perform lot of rituals here.
10. Shila Mata Temple
Shila Devi is the famous idol of Durga. Her temple is located in Amer Fort in Jaipur, India. The idol was brought by RajaMan Singh I of Amber from Jessore n 1604 CE. On the sixth day of winter Navratris, special prayers are offered to this goddess. Hundreds of thousands of people from Jaipur and surrounding areas come here to pay offerings to Shila Devi.
From folklore it is believed, this idol was carved from the same stone as the Dashabhuja idol of the Susanga Royal Family of Durgapur (now in Bangladesh). The Dashabhuja idol was stolen from Susanga and lost.
Towards the end of sixteenth century, Maharaja Mansingh brought the statue of the goddess Shila Mata from the eastern part of Bengal. In the kingdom of Pratapaditya, Maharaja Mansingh received a defeat at the hands of king Kedar. Humiliated and depressed, the Maharaja worshipped goddess Kali to please her and receive her blessings so as to change his defeat into victory. Kali appeared in a dream to bless him. The goddess also obtained a promise from the Maharaja that he would establish her shrine in his capital. The idol of goddess was recovered from sea in the form of a Shila and it was brought to Amer when cleaned and washed, the present idol appeared. This is why the goddess is named as Shila Mata.