Delhi is the capital city of India. New Delhi has been carved out of old walled city of Delhi by British India. Delhi as well as New Delhi have a lot of womderful places which you will love to visit, roam around and picnic around. These Top 10 most Beautiful Places in India can mesmerize you by their uniqueness.
Most Beautiful Places in Delhi
Delhi is not limited to the boundary of Delhi State in its strict sense. It extends to NCR which comprises Gurugram, Ghaziabad, Faridabad and Noida. These all are happening places and have been given the credit of most beautiful places in Delhi and NCR. The most beautiful places thus goes beyond Delhi but we have shortlisted only top of the most beautiful places in Delhi, which are dealt here–
1. India Gate
India Gate is an icon of a war memorial. Located on the Rajpath, India Gate it is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the First World War. About 13,300 servicemen’s names of those soldiers and officers from the Britain are inscribed on the gate. Though a war memorial, India Gate evokes the architectural style of the triumphal arch. It is often compared to the Arch in Paris, and the Gateway of India, located in Mumbai.
The India gate, which is illuminated daily, normally from 07 to 9.30 PM, is a tourist attraction. Vehicles are allowed to move through India Gate earlier, but now the area is earmarked closed to traffic.
2. Red Fort
Red Fort was built by famous Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who built Taj Mahal and other several buildings in India. Made of red sandstone, Red Fort used to be the place from where Mughal ruleed the country. The construction on war footing for 10 years was done to complete the nice fort. Its boundary spreads nearly 2.5 kilometer. The fort was made according to the various requirements of ruling of the then rulers.
It is said that an old fort, named as Salimgarh fort was already situated there. Shah Jahan grabbed the fort, and made it a part of the grand Red Fort. The asymmetrical size of the Fort suggests the real story behind the deviation of symmetry in the Fort.
3. Old Fort
Old Fort of Delhi is one the oldest forts located in the State of Delhi. Historians believe that the map of modified fort was the handiwork of emperor Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah raised the citadel of Purana Qila with an extensive city-area sprawling around it. It is believed that the Purana Qila was still incomplete at Sher Shah’s death in 1545, and was perhaps completed by his son Islam Shah, although it is not certain. The site of the Old Fort was perhaps that of Indraprastha, the then capital of the Pandavas.
Situated near Delhi Zoo, the Old Fort is open from sunrise to sunset. Entry is for Rs. 20, but foreigners are charged Rs.200. Photography in Old Fort is free.
4. Lotus Temple
Lotus Temple is a Bahá’í House of Worship, located in New Delhi, at South of the city. It is known for its flower shape and has won a number of architectural awards and been featured in various newspaper and magazine articles. Like all Bahá’í Houses of Worship, the Lotus Temple is open to all. Its nine doors opening onto a central hall with a huge height and a capacity of 2,500 people.
The Lotus Temple in Delhi was inaugurated in the end of 1986. It has got a number of acclamationappreciation and awards in the field of professional architectural and fine art. According to an estimate, about four million people visit the temple every year. Lotus Temple opens at 9.30 am and closes by 5.30 pm in winter, in summer the timings are scheduled at 9 am to 7 pm. It remains open from Tuesday to Sunday and is closed on Mondays.
Akshardham means the abode of God and believed by the followers of sect as a temporal home of God on earth. Opened in November 2005, it is located near the banks of the Yamuna river in eastern New Delhi. The temple, at the centre of the complex, was built as perthe Vastu shastra and Pancharatra shastra. The temple complex comprises an Abhisheka Mandap, Sahaj Anand water show, a thematic garden and three exhibitions.
An important feature of the temple complex is a musical fountain, or the Yagnapurush Kund which is regarded as India’s largest step well. It features a large series of steps down to a traditional ‘yagna kund’. During the day, these steps are used for rest for the visitors to the complex and at night, a musical fountain show is done there, which represents the circle of life is played to an audience which is seated on the same steps. The fountain is named after the Shastriji Maharaj. The fountain measures 300 feet by 300 feet with 2,870 steps and 108 small shrines. In its centre lies an eight-petaled lotus shaped yagna kund designed according to the Jayaakhya Samhita of the Panchratrashastra.
6. Humayun Tomb
It is the tomb of the great Mughal Emperor Humayun. Constructed by his son, the great emperor Akbar in 1569-70, it is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi. It was known as the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It was also said to be the first structure which made use of red sandstone at a grand scale. Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun, several smaller monuments comes in the pathway leading up to it, from the main entrance in the West. Inspired by Persian architecture, the tomb reaches a height of about 47 metres and is 91 metres wide, which was the first Indian building to use the Persian double dome on a high neck drum.
It is around 1993, the monument was declared a World Heritage Site. A detailed research and excavation process began under the aegis of the Aga Khan Trust and the ASI, was done in 2003, when much of the complex, and gardens were finally restored, with its historic fountains running once again after several centuries of disuse.
Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty is situated inside the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi. Built in 1517–1518 by his son Ibrahim Lodi, the monument is located near the Bara Gumbad of the area of village Khairpur. The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah in architecture and designing.
Lodi Garden and The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi are complimentary to each other, because the tomb is located in the Lodi Garden. The village, where the monument stands was earlier called Khairpur. The garden is bounded by Amrita Shergill Marg in the West, and Lodhi Road on the South Side. Safdarjang Tomb is situated on South-West corner of the Lodhi Garden. It is a favourite point for early morning walkers from the neghbouring Delhi colonies.
8. Jama Masjid
Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built the Jama Masjid and got it inaugurated by an Imam from Bukhara, which is now known as Uzbekistan. The Jama Masjid is a unique and most revered mosque of the country. Dedicated to the people of Delhi in the year 1656 AD, it has four towers and two 40 m high minarets constructed of red sandstone and white marble. The courtyard has been built so that it can accommodate 25,000 persons easily. Three domes on the terrace of the mosque are surrounded by the two minarets.
Since the Jama Masjid of Agra had already existed, few features of the Agra mosque had been incorporated. The floor plan of the mosque is almost similar to that of the Jama Masjid of Agra. It is covered with white and black ornamented marble to look like a Muslim prayer mat. Beside it, a thin black border measuring 3 feet long and 1.5 feet wide is marked for the worshippers. There are 899 total such boxes.
9. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
Located in the main heartland of the city of New Delhi, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is the prominent holy place of Sikhs. History says it was built to celebrate the visit of Guru Harkishan ji of sikhs to the city. It is said that Raja Jai Singh invited him to the site. This site was owned by Raja Jai Singh originally. Devotees come from very far and negbouring localities to get themselves cured by taking a dip in the holy water.
Anyone can pay the visit to the holy place from mornings up till evenings. There are no restrictions but they are required to cover their heads. Removing the footwear before entering into the premises of the any holy place is also customary. Scarves are offered free to cover the heads within the Gurudwara Complex.
10. Birla Mandir
Located in the heart of the city, the Laxminarayan or Birla Mandir of Delhi is adorned with many shrines, fountains, a large garden. It also houses Geeta Bhawan for discourses. The temple is one of the major attractions for the holy people of the city of Delhi and attracts thousands of devotees on the festivals of Janmashtami and Diwali.
The temple have statues of Lord Narayan and Goddess Lakshmi, as the main deities. There are other small shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesha and Hanuman. A shrine is also dedicated to Lord Buddha in the temple. The temple shikhar (dome) houses Devi Durga, the goddess of power, in it.
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