Delhi is the historical megacity of India which had seen too much political turmoil. It had been the witness to the glorious past, brazen wars, royal treachery as well as masterpieces of architecture and design. It used to be a rich center of cultural school of thought. There are a lot of monuments to support its glorious past, of the top 10 monuments of Delhi Sultanets are being dealt here.
An icon of Mughal rule in India, Red Fort was built by Shah Jahan. Made of red sandstone, Red Fort served as the place from where Mughal rules the country. It took 10 years to complete the mammoth fort, whose boundary spreads over 2.5 kilometer. The fort was made according to the various needs of functioning of the then rulers.
A 240 feet tall tower with a diameter of 40 feet at base and nine feet at the peak, Qutab Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world. Constructed by Qutb al-Din Aibak, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, who started its construction in 1220, Aibak’s successor and son-in-law Iltutmish added three storeys to the tower. It is said that due to lightning, the top storey got destroyed completely. So, Firoz Shah Tughlaq carried out restoration work replacing the damaged storey with two new storeys every year, made of red sandstone and white marble.
Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and inaugurated by an Imam from Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan, the Jama Masjid is a unique and most revered mosque of the country. It was completed in 1656 AD which has four towers and two 40 m high minarets constructed of red sandstone and white marble. The courtyard has been built so that it can accommodate 25,000 persons easily. Three domes on the terrace of the mosque are surrounded by the two minarets.
Designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, an icon of a war memorial located on the Rajpath, India Gate is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21 in the First World War, in France, and elsewhere in the Near and the Far East, and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. 13,300 servicemen’s names, including some soldiers and officers from the United Kingdom, are inscribed on the gate. The India Gate, even though a war memorial, evokes the architectural style of the triumphal arch and is often compared to the Arch in Paris, and the Gateway of India in Mumbai.
Jantar Mantar in the city of New Delhi consists of a number of astronomy instruments. The place, which is now in the strategic location of New Delhi is one of five such sites built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur, from the year 1723 onwards. It is said that he was given by Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah the task of revising the calendar and astronomical tables. The purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables, and to predict the times and movements of the sun, moon and planets. This branch of science in contemporary world is known as astronomy.
Old Fort of Delhi is one the oldest forts located in the State of Delhi. Historians believe that the map of modified fort was the handiwork of emperor Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah raised the citadel of Purana Qila with an extensive city-area sprawling around it. It is believed that the Purana Qila was still incomplete at Sher Shah’s death in 1545, and was perhaps completed by his son Islam Shah, although it is not certain. The site of the Old Fort was perhaps that of Indraprastha, the then capital of the Pandavas.
Tomb of Sikandar Lodi is the mausoleum of the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty, Sikandar Lodi who ruled from 1489–1517. It is situated inside the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi. Built in 1517–1518 by his son Ibrahim Lodi, the monument is situated near the Bara Gumbad of the area of village Khairpur. It is said that the Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah in architecture and designing.
Humayun’s tomb is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. The tomb was constructed by his son, the great emperor Akbar in 1569-70. Located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It was said to be the first structure which made use of red sandstone at a grand scale. Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun, several smaller monuments comes in the pathway leading up to it, from the main entrance in the West. Inspired by Persian architecture, the tomb reaches a height of 47 metres and is 91 metres wide, which was the first Indian building to use the Persian double dome on a high neck drum.
The Rashtrapati bhavan is the official home of the President of India, located at the Western end of Rajpath in New Delhi. The 340-room main building has the president’s official residence, halls, guest rooms and offices. it has 130-hectare (320 acre) President Estate that additionally includes huge presidential gardens large open spaces, residences staff, stables, other offices and utilities within its perimeter walls. The main palace building was formerly known as Viceroy’s House. In terms of area, it was the largest residence of a head of state in the world.
Formerly called the House of Parliament, a circular shaped building, the design of Parliament house is based on Ashoka Chakr. It was constructed on the drawing of the British architect Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. Its construction began in 1921. The opening ceremony of the Parliament House, then called the Central Legislative Assembly, was performed on 18 January 1927 by Lord Irwin, who was serving as Viceroy of India at that time. The third session of Central Legislative Assembly was held in this house on 19 January 1927.