Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri are so acclaimed historical monuments worldwide that they hardly need any formal introduction. the gradiose monuments are the masterpieces of architecture, design and functionality.
City of Best UNESCO Heritage Monuments
Agra has the unique distinction of having three monuments, which were adjudged by UNESCO amongst the list of its honored heritage monuments. The worldover famous monuments are Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. Besides, there are a number of monuments which are almost at par with these monuments. people from all over the world visit these monuments round the year.
Agra is known the world over due to its magnificent Taj Mahal—the mausoleum of queen Begum Mumtaz Mahal of the then king Shah Jehan The king built the masterpiece of white stone in the memory of his departed Begum. The beauty of the structure, the architecture, location, intricate design and quality etc. all contributes to its uniqueness. Built in the year 1631 to 1648, the mausoleum was constructed by a force of about 20 thousand artisans under the guidance of architects.
Agra Fort or Red Fort, as some people calls it, is the beautiful landmark of the Mughal empire which stands near the gardens of Taj Mahal imposingly. The fort is situated on the right bank of the river Yamuna. The fort is encircled by a 2.5 kilometer long wall made of red sandstone. The historic fort is the house of many palaces inside like Jahangir Palace and Khas Mahal. Diwan-e-Khas was the place where the emperor used to sit for meetings with noble persons. Two huge and beautiful mosques were also built by the Mughal emperors inside the Agra Fort. The tragedy of the Agra Fort is that the emperor who built it into shape—Shah Jehan was imprisoned by his own son Aurangzeb, who usurped the seat of power. The father died after eight years of prison in the same historic fort.
The honour of third monument in the district of Agra which is recognized by the UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites goes to Fatehpur Sikri. The town of Sikri, which is about 35 kilometers north towards Bharatpur had its mention in Mahabharata era too. An inscription of 1010 AD was also found there. In 1527, Babur visited their during a battle. He celebrated his victory of battle there and founded a garden and a palace—known as Jal (water) Mahal. It was king Akbar, the grandson of Babur who shifted his court from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri from 1572 to 1585. It was due to the affection with a saint Sheikh Salim Chisti who predicted an heir to the king. In the history of Mughals, Sikri has found mention as the first planned city. The architecture of Fatehpur Sikri symbolizes Indo-Muslim fusion style.
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